3.1  Definitions, Roles of GOPs

3.1.1     General Goal

Every person should be allowed to enjoy the pleasures and fruits of his or her land.  Restrictions which evolve from this Comprehensive Plan are based on the philosophy that we are caretakers of the land and what restrictions we place on ourselves regarding its use or abuse are to protect our neighbors, townspeople and future generations.


All rules should be made so as to be varied in situations where wise authorized persons can recall the basic goals and philosophy of the Plan and administer the rules even-handedly.


Ordinances should be simple and in layman’s language.


3.1.2     Definitions

In this section, the following terms will be used:


GOALWHAT you want.  (ideal)


OBJECTIVEHOW MUCH you will achieve.  (Measurable)


POLICYHOW you will achieve objective.


As the definitions indicate, broad goals are narrowed down to more specific policies for each topic addressed by the Comprehensive Plan.


Section 4:  Implementation Strategies, will address the logistics of implementing the policies contained in Section 3.



            ACTIVITY needed to carry out policy,

            WHO will do it,

            WHEN they’ll do it,

                        and for capital investments,

            HOW MUCH it will cost.


3.2  Local Economy

Goal:  Establish a local census program to facilitate Town planning and operations.

Objective:  To have adequate demographic data on the Town and it’s inhabitants so as to facilitate planning and fiscal management.


Policy: Develop and implement a periodic population survey/census

supplemented by peak holiday habitation assessments.


Goal:  To investigate the desirability/need to increase commercial growth on Frye Island.


Objective:  Determine if there is a need for a limited amount of light, clean commercial growth.


Policy:  Growth of this nature must be compatible with the Island image.


Policy:  Consider commercial growth that will help offset the residential property tax burden.


Policy:  Consider commercial growth, which will generate more in tax revenue than cost of services.


Policy:  Any commercial expansion must not have any adverse impact on the Islands environment, inhabitants and operations.


3.3  Housing

Goal:  All housing should be safe, durable, economical and energy efficient.


Objective:  Apply safety, appearance, quality, and energy efficient standards to new construction and additions to existing structures.


Policy:  Allow construction of single family homes, luxury homes, and modest

single-family homes.


Policy:  Adopt standards for the footprint area for construction of new homes and



Policy:  Building codes should give priority to safety and appearance.


Policy:  Encourage the use of new building methods that promote energy

 efficiency, maintenance and affordability.


Policy:  Insure that existing zoning, building codes and land use ordinances

encourage the construction of a full range of housing.


Policy:  Working with the Fire Department to determine what building code

 requirements must be in place to insure that the Department can safely handle fire



Policy:  Adopt a building code that supplements the Maine State Fire and Safety

 Code consistent with the nature of the Town.


Goal:  Establish the requirements and need for affordable housing in the Town.


Objective:  Clarify how state statutes apply to the part-time character of the Town.


Policy:  Consult with State Attorney General and Town Counsel.


Policy:  Determine if any regional affordable housing plan presently exists and if a plan is developed, how the Town should be involved.



Goal:  Maintain the part time seasonal quality of the Town.


Objective: To define the Town and property owners obligations and liabilities during off-season usage, when the Island is closed.


Policy:  Establish a written Town policy that clearly defines the Town as a part-time Town with no services available during the months the Island is closed.


Policy:  Evaluate how State codes affect conversion from seasonal to full-time housing.


Policy:  Define the impacts on the Town’s insurance for year round usage when safety requirements such as fire and police services are not available and the Island is closed.


Policy:  Establish owner’s insurance liabilities for usage of homes when the Island is closed.


Goal:  Promote better and safer building maintenance standards.


Objective: Improve control over the landscaping and appearance of yards.


Policy:  Set a minimum amount of time to finish landscaping around a new home or building, in order to stabilize the soil and prevent soil erosion and phosphorus runoff.


Policy:  Erosion and sedimentation controls should be required during construction.


Policy:  Prohibit any object that is unregistered, unusable or in an unsafe condition from being in view of the passing public or neighbors for more than 12 months.


Policy:  Establish requirements for house numbering that allows easy location by fire and police services.


Policy:  Establish simple landscape requirements for new construction of homes and accessory buildings and sheds.


Goal:  Review the housing needs of Frye Island and the region every five years.


Objective: Maintain a proactive posture regarding construction of new homes and the impact on the Town infrastructure and regional involvement.


Policy:  Evaluate regional conditions every five years.


Policy:  Evaluate impact on the infrastructure in particular, roads, ferry, water

systems, recreational activities every five years.


Policy:  Modify land use and zoning ordinances as the need and situation change.


3.4  Natural Resources

3.4.1     Water Resources

Goal - Protect and preserve ground and surface water as well as quality drinking water


            Objective - Maintain Sebago Lake drinking water supply so that it exceeds the water

 quality mentioned in the State of Maine Water Quality classification System, GPA

 (See 38 MRSA, Section 465-A.)


Policy:  Educate citizens about ways to preserve water purity.


                        Policy:  Provide adequate wastewater disposal services for boaters.


                        Policy:  Improve storm water management procedures.


                        Policy:  Keep shoreline zoning ordinances into compliance with the State’s

 Guidelines for Municipal Shoreland Zoning Ordinances.


                        Policy:  Encourage citizens to practice erosion control on beachfronts.


Objective - Devise plan for long term run off management.


                        Policy:  Educate citizens about Maine DEP phosphorus control methods.


Policy:  Try to replicate the level of phosphorus prevention as described in the DEP manual ”Phosphorus Control in Lake Watersheds”.


Policy:  Cooperate with the 6 shoreline neighboring towns in the Sebago Watershed to protect water quality.


               Policy:  Limit development of slopes whose gradient exceeds 25%.


               Policy:  Limit filling, draining or excavating of wetlands.


3.4.2     Critical Resources

Goal: Protect and preserve quality of existing streams


Objective: Follow standards of 38 MRSA, Sec.465 ……”The habitat shall be characterized as free flowing and natural”.


Policy:  Investigate the need for a Stream Protection District for all Island perennial streams, including their headwaters.  See Shoreland Zoning Law.


             Policy:  Develop standards for storm water management.


             Policy:  Develop erosion control standards for all Town lots, roads and ditches.


          Policy:  Encourage lot owners whose slope exceeds 25%, to institute necessary erosion control procedures.


Objective: Protect and preserve wetlands, wildlife habitat and unique natural communities.


Policy:  Limit development, filling and draining of natural habitats.


Policy:  Consult Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife for recommendations on wildlife protection.


Policy:  Explore with the Town Manager and the Selectmen, the establishment of an official Town of Frye Island Conservation Commission


            Objective: Prevent the loss of public or private shoreland due to lake induced erosion.


Policy:  Encourage water sports enthusiasts to observe state speed limits within 200 feet of the shore in order to protect shoreline from wake damage.


Policy:  Through Section 319 Water Quality Grant process and in coordination with PWD and State DEP implement shoreland erosion control with a priority to the western shore of the Island.


Policy:  Through a Town Conservation Commission remain involved in any regional deliberations over Sebago Lake level management.


            Objective: Preserve significant natural and scenic areas


Policy:  Investigate scenic easements to protect views.


Policy:  Impose natural buffering requirements.


Policy:  Impose clearing and height limitations on new buildings.


Policy:  Seek sources of funding for a comprehensive botanical survey of Frye Island, including identification of rare or exemplary botanical features.


3.5   Agricultural and Forest Resources

Goal: Protect and preserve forest resources.


            Objective:  Maintain our current forest resources on undeveloped land.


                        Policy:  Work with landowners to maintain our current forested areas.


Goal:  Conserve the Town’s forest resources during development.


            Objective:  Promote environmentally safe forest management.


Policy:  Regulate timber removal at the local level.  Local regulations should apply to clear cuts, stream buffers, road buffers (“street trees”), removal of slash, stream crossings, and erosion and sedimentation controls.


Policy:  Local regulation of timber removal should at least conform to state regulations under shoreland zoning, or other state statutes.


3.6   Transportation

3.6.1     Ferry System

Goal:  Insure adequate, safe, well maintained and cost effective ferry service to the Town of Frye Island.


Objective:  Consider acquiring the leased ferry system by asset transfer from FII, to insure complete Town management and control of this critical asset.


Policy:  Anticipate, through periodic use surveys, and meet increasing vehicle traffic to the Island by enhancing ferry system operations through innovative scheduling, second boat usage and prudent mixing of loads.


Policy:  Long term planning shall assess the need for a larger or additional ferry boat and related landing facilities, while recognizing the desire to keep the system self sufficient.


Policy:  Crew proficiency shall be maintained through a training program for new and returning members, with emphasis on safety, equipment maintenance and system operations including system and Town emergencies.


Policy:  A documented, complete, periodic equipment maintenance and inspection program, citing needed related facilities shall be developed, initiated and kept current for all ferry boats and landings.


3.6.2     Roads

Goal:  Insure that adequate mainland and Island roads are available and maintained to safely accommodate Town of Frye Island traffic.


Objective:  Monitor mainland road planning and maintenance to insure safe transit to the Island.


Policy:  The Town shall continue its involvement in the regional “302 Corridor and You Project” to include assessing the impact of Island traffic on the Corridor..


Policy:  The Town shall continue a joint effort with the Town of Raymond to obtain State maintenance of the Cape Road.


Objective:  While retaining Island roads as Public Easements, develop, maintain and execute a “rolling” five year Town Road Upgrade and Maintenance Plan, considering increased traffic congestion, safety, water runoff control and public parking.


            Policy:  Any development of vacant Island land shall include a review of adequate

            Town road access.


Policy:  The long range Town Road Upgrade and Maintenance Plan shall: include project phasing; formal design standards to include use of BMPs; address projects appropriate for contract construction and consider potential State fund grants.


Policy:  To insure adequate Town road upgrades and maintenance, town staff, equipment and training shall be maintained or supplemented by leased equipment and/or contact support.


3.7    Public Facilities and Services


3.7.1     Utilities


Goal:  Insure adequate Public Utilities are maintained to and in the Island town.


Objective: Monitor, through the related utilities, the electric and telephone cable service capacity to the Island and insure timely increase by the utilities to meet increased demands.


Policy:  Annually contact the electric and telephone utilities to verify adequate service capacities are maintained to the island community.


Objective:  Consider acquiring by asset transfer from FII and upgrading the Town water treatment and distribution system.  (In the upgrade, insure safe water is available in adequate quantity and quality.)


Policy:  Water treatment system shall provide a product, which meets all national and state water quality standards.


Policy:  Engineering study of Town water system to be completed and appropriate options considered to enhanced system operations.  As appropriate, Town to apply for a grant from the State Drinking Water Program, under the SRF Funding program. 


Policy:  To insure adequate disinfecting contact time for treated water on peak use days. Town residents may be required to limit outdoor water usage.


Objective:  Prevent environmental or aesthetic damage due to improperly installed or maintained septic systems.


Policy:  Insure adherence to state and local regulations in construction and maintenance of septic systems in the Town.


Policy:  Establish a Town ordinance for periodic septic tank inspection and maintenance and continue free ferry service for septic system service vehicles.


3.7.2     Solid Waste Management and Disposal


Goal:  Provide for waste disposal in a cost-effective, environmentally sound manner that meets all DEP and other state requirements.


Objective:  Jointly with FII, verify the adequacy of the current waste transfer station and brush dump and then consider transfer to the Town.


Policy:  Insure that the Town waste disposal facilities meet all environmental constraints and if necessary, bring them into compliance.  (Shall include current transfer station and the old brush dump.)


Goal:  Provide appropriate local control over all waste disposal activity.


            Objective:  Prevent environmental or aesthetic damage due to illegal waste disposal.


                        Policy:  Illegal dumping shall be addressed by Town ordinance.


Policy:  Maintain policy or establish ordinance that the builder, at the property owner’s expense, will remove all new construction debris from the Island.  



3.7.3     Fire, Emergency Rescue and Police Protection

Goal:  Provide the needed, cost effective level of fire protection that is necessary for public safety within the Town of Frye Island.


            Objective: To have adequate personnel to fight structure and wild fires.


Policy: The Frye Island Volunteer Fire Department will continually recruit

                        interested islanders to join the department.


            Objective: To have adequate trucks and equipment to fight structure and wild fires.


Policy: The Frye Island Volunteer Fire Department will maintain, repair and, if warranted, replace existing trucks and equipment to maintain an adequate fire service to the Town.


Objective: To operate an adequate fire service at the lowest reasonable cost.  To include

obtaining trucks and equipment from other sources so as to have minimal impact on the town budget.


Policy: To work with citizens of the island, other government agencies and interested persons to obtain needed resources.


Goal: To seek appropriate public safety assistance from state and local agencies..


            Objective: To continue current contractual services.


Policy: The town will continue its contracted services with the Cumberland County Sheriff for adequate police services, the Raymond Rescue Squad for medical emergency services, the Raymond Dispatch for emergency dispatching and the Raymond Fire Department for mutual support.


Policy:  During the Town’s high season (4 July – Labor Day), three shift police protection shall be the minimal service desired.  During other periods two shift coverage with a weekend emphasis is deemed the minimum.  Should such service not be available other options must be considered, such as Town Constables.


Objective:  Maintain routine coordination with State Forestry and Maine Warden agencies.


Policy:  Maintain local efforts to support State Forestry and Maine Warden programs related to public safety.


Goal: To provide a continuing training program for volunteer fire fighters so as to maintain and enhance the departments services.


Objective: The department will continue its medical emergency training program so that members can arrive at a medical emergency and provide First Responder services to aid the victim while awaiting the arrival of Raymond Rescue.


                        Policy: Training shall be weekly for fire services.


                        Policy: Training will occur when available for members to become First

 Responders and to maintain CPR qualifications.


3.7.4     Ferry Operations, Servicing and Replacement

                  See Section 3.6.1 Ferry System in Section 3.6 Transportation.


3.7.5     Emergency Planning, Communications and Evacuation Planning

Goal: To provide a viable Emergency Management function in the Town of Frye Island.


Objective: To maintain an organization of volunteers led by the Town Director of Emergency Management (Town Manager) that will plan and coordinate, any emergency programs to include hazard mitigation considerations.


Policy: A citizen committee will be formed and work for and with the Town Manager as Director of Emergency Management to develop a Town emergency management plan to include hazard mitigation considerations..


Policy: The Town of Frye Island shall coordinate with the County and State Office of Emergency Management and FEMA in matters of emergency preparedness.


Goal: The Town of Frye Island shall develop and maintain an emergency evacuation plan.


Objective: To have a plan for the evacuation of Frye Island residents for any life-threatening emergency (such as a hurricane or wild fire).


Policy: A citizen committee, headed by the Town Director of Emergency Management, or his representative, shall develop an evacuation plan to supplement the plan provided by the Cumberland County Office of Emergency Management.


Policy: The Town shall instruct and exercise the residents on how to react to the need to evacuate the island.


3.7.6     Town Operations


Goal:  To provide adequate staff, equipment and contract services to meet Town operational needs.  (See also Section 3.6 Transportation and related comments this section 3.7.)


Objective:  Annually assess and budget for adequate staff and equipment with emphasis on the health and safety of Town residents.


Policy:  Emphasis will be maintained on the operation of the ferry and water systems as well as waste disposal and road maintenance.


Policy:  To facilitate capital improvements to the ferry, water systems and major equipment replacement, a capital reserve fund should be established and enhanced annually through a contribution in annual budgets.


Objective:  To maintain a rolling five-year Capital Improvements Plan for major systems, facilities and equipment.


Policy:  The Town five-year capital Improvement plan shall be updated annually as part of the Town budget process.


Goal:  To consider and act on, in partnership with FII, the transfer of appropriate FII assets to the Town.


Objective:  To develop a phased plan with FII for the transfer of acceptable FII assets to the Town.  Initial focus to be on the ferry and water systems followed by selected land and facilities.


            Policy:  Through joint effort with FII the Town shall acquire and maintain those

            FII assets appropriate to Town operations.


Goal:  In time, develop an electronic statistical database to facilitate Town planning, operations and fiscal management.


Objective:  Organize, inventory, purge and in time computerize all Town records including those inherited from Standish.


Policy:  Adopt and maintain an organized file system.


Policy:  Adopt and implement a data system which could lead to an automated Town statistical database.


            Objective:  Develop and implement a census system for Town residents.


Policy:  Annually survey for census accounting, the full time residents of the Town.  (Consider as a basis the users of the Town mail facility.)


3.7.7     Commercial Services


Goal:  Provide Town services in the best operational and cost effective manner.


Objective:  Where practical, contract services and take advantage of operational cost savings by using/contracting with regional and commercial facilities and services.


Policy:  Investigate enhanced interlocal cooperation for solid waste disposal, recycling and police protection.


Policy:  Investigate commercial contracts for appropriate Town services such as road maintenance, snow plowing etc.


3.7.8     Education


Goal:  To provide and maintain a high quality, cost effective Town education system despite the Town’s unique seasonal occupancy.


Objective:  To insure that a cost effective, high quality Town education system exists in the event year around residents with children inhabit the Town, while also providing support to state and local education.


Policy:  Continue to support state and local education objectives through capital investments and programs while insuring adequate schooling for children of any potential year around Town residents.


3.8  Historic and Archeological Resources

     3.8.1 Historic Resources

Goal:   Preserve the stone walls and any remains that represent the rural history and character of Frye Island.


            Objective:   Create an inventory of all historic structures and objects, and a plan for

            reasonable preservation.


                        Policy:   Help property owners identify structures deserving preservation

                        and take advantage of tax, or other incentives, for historic and

                        environmental preservation.


     3.8.2 Archaeological Resources

Goal:       Protect historic archaeological and prehistoric archaeological sites from

                 destruction by erosion, land use and/or development.


            Objective:  Prepare an Archaeological Resources Protection Plan.


                        Policy:  Cooperate with the Maine Historic Preservation Commission to

                        identify and map Town Archaeological Resource Potential Areas,

                        particularly in conjunction with the relicensing studies for the Eel

                        Weir Dam.


                        Policy:  Consult with the Maine Historic Preservation Commission to

                        Develop recommended levels of protection for potential Town archeological sites.


                        Policy:  Based on the recommendations, integrate the Archaeological

                        Protection Resource Plan into the Comprehensive Plan.

3.9  Recreation and Public Access


Goal:  Obtain more participation by townspeople in recreational planning and development.


            Objective:  Develop a Town Plan for existing recreational open space.


                        Policy:  Form a Town Recreation Planning and Development Committee.


Policy:  Establish a program of volunteer workdays to enhance and expand recreational and open space such as walking trails.


Goal:  Provide adequate recreational facilities and access to Island open space opportunities to include Sebago Lake.


            Objective:  Allow and encourage use of all recreational facilities.


Policy: Maintain all recreational facilities in suitable condition to promote utilization.


Objective:  Develop available recreation areas as needed for open space and access.


Policy: Open space should include beach or Marina access to lake, playgrounds,

 picnic areas and walking rails.


Policy: Encourage owners of private property to facilitate access over common

 area walking trails next to their property.


Policy: Use bulk land for these purposes when presently available land resources

are insufficient to meet the needs.



3.10  Fiscal Capacity


Goal:  Find and utilize new revenue sources for Town government.


Objective: Identify and secure revenues from alternative sources beyond the only present sources (property and excise taxes.)


Policy:  Explore use of local sales tax or sharing of more of the state sales tax.


Policy:   Apply for all available State grants, with a special emphasis on grants for developing State-mandated programs.


Objective:   Provide a means to offset the residential property tax burden.


Policy:   Work with State officials and/or the State Legislature to make changes in the State Rules for Property Tax Assessment in order to provide for more local control.


Objective:   While maintaining support to the State and local education system, initiate steps to achieve a more fiscally responsible posture for the Town of Frye Island.


Policy:  Through negotiations with appropriate school districts obtain a more reasonable formula for the Town to financially support State and local education


Goal:   Manage and plan the Town’s capital and operating expenditures to maximize cost-effectiveness, accountability, and the timely and efficient delivery of



            Objective:   Minimize long term costs and maximize cost-effectiveness of

            capital expenditures.


Policy:   Establish a long-term five-year Capital Investment Plan and within fiscal capacity execute the plan.


                        Policy:   Maintain an account of general fixed assets.


Objective:   Establish a clear and consistent record of Town operational and capital expenditures.


            Policy:   Computerize all appropriate Town records.


            Policy:   Develop a purchase order system.


Policy:   Develop standard procurement procedures, which maximize

competitive bidding by contractors and vendors.


Objective:   Where practical, take advantage of potential cost savings and/or operational advantages from regional facilities, services and policies.


Policy:   Continue to use Cumberland County Police Services (when adequate) and Raymond fire/rescue and dispatch services.


Policy:  Coordinate water quality protection policies with neighboring towns and Portland Water District.


3.11  Future Land Use Plan

As can be seen from the Map 1, Land Use, the only undeveloped, unplatted area in the Town is located at the southeast end of the Island.  Lot 502 is zoned residential.  Lot 509 is an 11 acre parcel zoned rural.  Thus, the ability to use zoning and land use planning to further the 10 State Goals is limited.  Except for two areas zoned Water Oriented Commercial, the platted areas of the Island are zoned residential.


Frye Island Incorporated owns lots 2012 to 2028 at the south end of the Island, which are not buildable until Cocktail Lane and Shoreview Circle are built or upgraded.  Otherwise, most of the future building must be of the “fill-in” variety. 


Excessive slope and wetlands make some of the platted areas unbuildable – see Map 6 Shoreland Zoning and Map 8 Slope of Frye Island Lots.  Frye Island Inc. owns an area around Quail Circle that is in a Resource Protection Zone because of wetlands.  Frye Island Inc. also owns lots 1607 – 1613, on Ridge Road, that are in a Resource Protection Zone because of excessive slope.  But the majority of the platted lots must be considered “buildable” contingent on perc tests, since they are grandfathered, under Maine State Law, that is, they are single lots and existed prior to the State Minimum Lot Size and Resource Protection Laws.  Where two or more lots are contiguous and under one owner, minimum lot size laws will apply.  It can be seen from Map 6, that all of the shoreland lots are in a Shoreland Development Overlay District.  But these are also considered grandfathered.


Recent amendments to the Growth Management Law have repealed the requirement that local subdivision ordinances be based on policies contained in the comprehensive plan.  However, local subdivision ordinances or regulations must still be consistent with the State Subdivision Statute.  Thus, while it is no longer necessary for the Town to require phosphorus review in Great Pond watersheds, the Town should still incorporate local standards for this in it’s subdivision ordinance.  A model suggested for such language is contained in the “model Subdivision Regulations for used by Maine Planning Boards”, 11th edition, published December 1996 and available from GPCOG.  However, its compatibility with PWD recommendations on phosphorus controls warrants review.


The primary limitation on building remains the court ordered 750 septic restriction mentioned elsewhere.  A comparison of Map 4 Soils Type with Map 1 Land Use reveals that there is little impact in the areas where the State Plumbing Code says that no septic systems are permitted.  Most of the affected lots are owned by FII, or are on the golf course or marinas.  FII owns more than enough buildable lots to replace any private ones, which will not perk.


The undeveloped “front nine” of the golf course must also be considered.  This is the largest undeveloped portion of the Island.  The Golf Course was designed for 18 holes, but only nine were built.  The area is used for walking.  Depending on the population growth and makeup, the area could support a wildlife sanctuary, walking trails, or additional golf course amenities, including a driving range and putting green.  There is currently a proposal to develop one new hole as a practice hole, which should result in placing additional land into conservation area. 


The Town should continue to work with the owners of the property at the south end of the Island to insure development, which shall be in the best interests of the Island as a whole. Ideally, these properties should be developed as residential house lots--this would be in tune with the desires of the residents to maintain open space and the rural character of the Town.


Frye Island, Inc. has sold some lots out of bulk-land to Islanders as privacy lots--maintaining open space and limiting development. Other FII lots have been sold to locate replacement septic systems for private landowners.


In 1992, FII purchased at auction three lots with valid soil tests. These "septic rights" were then to be assigned to three FII owned lots. Since 1992, FII has also secured two other "septic rights" through lot donations.  This would not infringe on the 750 septic system limit and property owners right to build. It allows FII a means to raise revenue.


From 1992 to 2000, FII only sold "privacy" lots but not any buildable lots.  In the booming real estate market of 1998 and 1999, FII advertised lots for sale as buildable when a “bank” of “septic rights” existed. The rationale for these sales was to raise revenue.  Several lots were sold in 2000, including the waterfront lots noted above.


The Town should continue to work with Frye Island, Inc. in considering the possible transfer of FII assets to the Town.  However in doing so, consideration should be given to the long standing advantage of the historical symbiotic relationship between the two. Frye Island, Inc. leases to the Town those assets, which the Town needs to provide public services to the residents of the Town. Instead of the Town raising taxes to maintain these assets, FII through its real estate program can raise revenue to pay for needed remodeling and renovation to existing lease facilities; for example, FII could insulate the Town Hall or remodel the Community Center. Frye Island, Inc. also has the ability to negotiate for the mainland office facility, which could be rented to the Town during the winter and rented to a seasonal business in the summer.


Other projects, which FII could fund at a mainland facility, could be storage rental units (developed as the Marina was with funds raised up front for an equity position in a storage unit) or a regional educational center in coordination with the Portland Water District and/or Lakes Region Environmental Association.


Goal: Encourage orderly growth and development in the Town.


Objective:  Continue to discuss and implement zoning, which will ensure controlled development of the south end of the Island and encourage compatibility of low density use.


Policy:  Work with the owners of the unplatted 12 acres to allow controlled development.


Policy:  Work with FII to encourage planning for the undeveloped lots on the southeast side of the Island.


Policy:  Work with FII to encourage planning for the undeveloped nine holes of the Golf Course.


Objective:  Insure appropriate phosphorus review criteria is included in the Town Subdivision Ordinance.

Policy:  Maintain appropriate local standards in Town Subdivision Ordinances for phosphorus review in lake related watersheds.


Objective:  Continue minimum lot size management for two or more buildable contiguous lots under one owner.


Policy:  Review existing ordinances related to Resource Protection Zones, and coordinate with FII in development of their land use and real estate plan.


Goal: Protect the Natural Environment and Rural Character of Frye Island.


Objective:  Review our current zoning ordinances to help maintain the rural character of the Town.


Policy:  Encourage landowners to landscape their property in a “natural woodsy” manner.


Policy:  Investigate height restrictions for residential buildings.


Policy:  Investigate maximum coverage restrictions for residential lots.



Objective:  Continue to discuss and implement Ordinances, which encourage recreational use of town land that does not interfere with the enjoyment of its natural beauty and character.  See Section 3.9 for related Goals, Objectives and Policies.


3.12  Consistency with the 10 State Goals

This section of the Plan is included to show how the locally adopted Goals, Objectives and Policies are consistent with the Ten State Goals contained in the Comprehensive Planning and Land Use Regulation Act of 1988.  Each of the State Goals appears below in italics, followed by a brief summation of how Frye Island Goals, Objectives and Policies, while originating with the Town, remain consistent with them.


1.  To encourage orderly growth and development in appropriate areas in each community, while protecting the State’s rural character, making efficient use of public services and preventing development sprawl.


The Goals, Objectives, and Policies (hereinafter GOPs) call for services and development on the Island to minimize loss of the Island’s rural character while enhancing the recreational and relaxation experience of the Town’s inhabitants.  The Land Use Map will also serve to facilitate this goal.


2.  To plan for finance and develop an efficient system of public facilities and services to accommodate anticipated growth and economic development.


In addition to specific GOPs to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of administrative, police, fire, rescue, roadway maintenance, land use planning, and solid waste, septage and recycling facilities and services, the GOPs call for regionalization of services where cost effective to do so.


From a fiscal planning standpoint there are GOPs which address capital investment planning, improved records management and accounting procedures for capital and operational expenditures.  A more fiscally acceptable schools program is also under development.  However, the Town’s long-term fiscal capacity remains a concern.


On the revenue side, the GOPs include a new emphasis on the maximal use of existing State grant programs, particularly for implementing State-mandated services.  However, the GOPs do not call for a major effort to attract commercial and/or industrial development as they are deemed as wholly incompatible with the Town’s desired seasonal, rural, recreational environment.


3.    To promote an economic climate that increases job opportunities and overall economic well-being.


Consistent with this goal is the continuing effort of promoting a limited expansion of tourism, increasing a limited number of recreation related jobs on Frye Island, and creating a more active partnership with business and education elements on the mainland.


4.   To encourage and promote affordable, decent housing opportunities for all Maine citizens.


It is particularly difficult to apply the State Statutes to the part time usage of the Town of Frye Island.  It is hard to imagine a situation in which a family whose income can just support an affordable year round home being able to afford a second home that has as its purpose a recreational use and is accessible only for six months.


The State requires that towns “seek to achieve that at least 10% of the new housing units constructed in the municipality in the 5 years after plan adoption be affordable housing”.  However, the State does not require that this criterion be met for second homes serving only part of a year and primarily for recreational or retirement purposes.  Over the next 5 years, it is possible that homes will be built in the Town that satisfy the State definition of affordable but these homes will not be affordable when considered as second homes.


In discussions with the Portland Council of Government it would appear there are no regional affordable housing plans.  The Town of Frye Island shall continue to monitor any changes in regional plans.


5    To protect the quality and manage the quantity of the State’s water resources including lakes, aquifers, great ponds, estuaries, rivers and coastal areas.


For surface waters, the GOPs call for protecting and preserving existing water quality to the extent that, as a minimum, these continue to meet State Water Quality Classification standards. At present, there is no known aquifer under Frye Island and hence no known active wells.


For lakes, the GOPs include implementing the DEP phosphorus control methodology, and to whatever degree possible, coordinating this approach with other towns. They also include related educational and monitoring programs and a requirement that marinas provide septic waste disposal facilities for boaters.  Frye Island is specifically restricted by a 1974 court order limiting development to 750 lots with individual septic systems. This order is firmly enforced through weekly on site monitoring by the Portland Water District. The Town looks forward to continued cooperation with PWD in maintaining the water quality of Sebago Lake.


For streams, the GOPs include timber cutting and construction restrictions, which will also serve to protect against increased erosion. Ultimately, these will be reflected in shoreland zoning provisions related to stream protection zones. Maintaining the State Water Quality Classification of AA is one of the Town’s objectives.


6.   To protect the State’s other critical natural resources, including without limitation, wetlands, wildlife and fisheries habitat, sand dunes, shorelands, scenic vistas and unique natural areas.


While some Frye Island resources have been mapped, the GOPs recognize the desirability of raising funds for additional surveys and seeking input from the Maine Natural Areas Program Office.  Discussions continue with Town officials to appoint a Conservation Commission to negotiate strategies for the protection of these resources (habitat for rare plants, unique natural communities), and to protect wetlands, as defined by MNRPA, from filling. Deer yards, wildlife nesting areas and fish spawning areas, if identified, will be protected from adverse impacts of development.  Should such areas be identified, related proposals will be referred to Maine Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. Shoreland protection from erosion and sedimentation is a regional issue dominated by regulation of lake water levels and local preventive actions.  Enforcing speed limits, which reduce the generation of wakes by powered watercraft is also a positive action.


7.   To protect the State’s marine resources industry, ports and harbors, from incompatible development and to promote access to the shore from commercial fishermen and the public;


This is considered to apply to coastal areas only.  For public access measures see below under #10.


8.   To safeguard the State’s agricultural and forest resources from development which threatens those resources;


This is not deemed to apply to the Town of Frye Island, as there are no commercial agricultural or forestry resource operations on the Island nor is there a potential for such.  However, the town is committed to maintaining it’s green space and rural environment.


9.   To preserve the State’s historic and archaeological resources;


The GOPs take into consideration the continuing residential development predicted for the Town, in many places with a lower density than that existing in the current most densely developed areas.  This will preserve the rural/vacation character, which has attracted people to the island.  Restriction of commercial activity to the small existing districts will be a necessary element to achieve this result.


The intent to prepare an Archaeological Resources Protection Plan will be a major step toward Town efforts to conserve the past.  The key will be the cooperation of the Maine Historic Preservation Commission to identify and map Archaeological Resource Potential Areas, particularly in conjunction with the relicensing studies for the Eel Weir Dam.


10. To promote and protect the availability of outdoor recreation opportunities for all Maine citizens, including access to surface waters;


The GOPs clearly address this goal as the entire focus of the Town and its environment is to address recreation, relaxation and access to the pristine resource known as Lake Sebago.  Without this emphasis there would be no Town of Frye Island.

3.13  Coordination with Neighboring Towns and the Region

The Town of Frye Island is a seasonal community of second homes, isolated from the mainland communities by the surrounding waters of Sebago Lake.  Thus, its primary focus in regional coordination is on the lake’s water quality and regional relationships connected with Island access and services beyond the Town’s capabilities.  Except for a small store and café, the Island residents rely on off Island commercial facilities found primarily in Raymond and North Windham.  In developing this comprehensive plan due consideration has been given to interlocal planning and coordination based on Portland Council of Governments (PCOG) Plan for the 1990’s and Beyond as well as local and State agency laws, plans and policies that may impact the Island.  While details are in previous sections, the following text highlights needed and continuing interlocal efforts.  Related existing policies should be continues.


            1. Water Quality


Most of the surrounding towns and Frye Island cooperate with Portland Water District (PWD) in protection of the surface water quality of Sebago Lake.  This is probably the dominant regional issue for the Town as it relates to lake phosphorous control.  The regional issue is the protection of the Lake, as a major water supply, fishery, wildlife habitat and recreation area, from excess phosphorous loading and other pollution sources.  Frye Island takes its water supply from the lake and is unique as it must operate under a 1974 court order, which restricts total Town development to 750 lots with septic systems.  Land use planning is also coordinated, and should be continued with PWD and State agencies, to insure appropriate remedial measures are taken to negate any adverse impact to Island watersheds.  Efforts at shoreland management and erosion control in cooperation with regional organizations such as Sebago Lake Association are a continuing effort and should be maintained.


2. Route 302 Corridor


The Town of Frye Island will continue to cooperate and participate with a representative in the Route 302 Corridor Study.  While the Town does not directly lie on Route 302, it is impacted by traffic flow as 302 is the major highway access route to the Island community.


3. Regional Cooperation with the Town of Raymond


The Town of Raymond is the Town of Frye Island’s dominant neighbor and with whom a major cooperative effort is maintained.  Access to Frye Island is through Raymond via the Cape Road to the Island ferry landing.  This is Frye Island’s only road link with state route 302 on the mainland.  Joint efforts will continue to secure State maintenance of this potential collector road.  Long range plans for improved ferry service should consider the impact on the mainland landing as it relates to abutters and Raymond zoning.  Annual contracts with Raymond are for services not within the capabilities of the Town of Frye Island.  These cover emergency dispatch and fire/emergency rescue.  Future cooperation efforts may include a schools relationship as Frye Island considers its schools affiliation options.


4. Solid Waste Disposal, Recycling, Hazardous Waste


The Town operates it’s own Transfer Station but solid waste disposal is another contract service to the mainland.  In this case, it is with the MERC facility in Biddeford under a new five year contract, which was renewed in 2001 with a significant cost increase.  On Island dumpsters, to include recycling, are rented from Pine Tree Waste Recycling and removed at cost.  Major construction debris, including related timber, must be removed from the Island in accordance with construction contracts and Town policies.  Frye Island also uses the annual “Clean Harbors” collection for hazardous waste disposal.  This arrangement is available and should be maintained through Raymond, Casco and Naples.  A septage agreement exists and should be maintained with PWD for transfer of up to 25,000 gallons per year in maintaining the residential or commercial Island septic systems.  This meets compliance with State rules.


5. Police Protection


The Town of Frye Island has no police force.  It contracts on an annual basis with the Cumberland County Sheriff’s Department for sheriff deputies who are sworn as constables to enforce Town ordinances.  In 2001, three deputies were requested and only one could be provided.  The adequacy of this support must be enhanced, especially as the population on the Island increases.


6. Lake Level, Sebago Lake


High lake levels have a detrimental impact on the Frye Island shoreline.  Several Islanders are members of the Friends of Sebago Lake and the Sebago Lake Association.  Both organizations advocate better lake level operation.  Any future hearings on the dam operations controlling lake level should include Town involvement through a Town Conservation Commission.  Critical preventive and restoration action is needed, and should be supported by the Town, for a section of bluffs on the southwest side of the Island.


7. Emergency Management


The Town Manager as the Town Director of Emergency Management and a Town Citizen’s Committee (to be established) will work with the Cumberland County Emergency Management Agency to comply with state and county requirements for an Emergency Management Plan.  This will include an inventory of the Town’s technical capacity to manage these events.  Items of importance will include but not be limited to use of the ferry boats to bring people and equipment to the Island, use of the ferry boats to evacuate the island, use of private boats to evacuate the Island, coordination with off island agencies and response to situations during the winter months when the Island is closed.  Evacuation planning will include coordination with the neighboring towns of Raymond, Windham, Naples and Bridgeton for support.


8. Education


The interlocal cooperation in this area has not proven successful as Frye Island in 2001 reviewed its schools affiliation options in accordance with State law.  New precedent setting action by the State legislature in 2001, against Frye Island, precludes the Town’s withdrawal option without legislative approval versus the previous administrative process.  With no Town students in a local SAD it was intended to establish a more fiscally reasonable relationship with a school district contiguous to the Island.  Despite the lack of school attendees Frye Island remains committed to fiscally support the educational process in Maine.  For the present Frye Island will remain in SAD#6, but a review of options will continue.


9. Consistency with the Policies of the Regional Plan


The interlocal cooperation policies included in this plan and the areas emphasized above are not inconsistent with and are advocated by the Greater Portland Council of Governments current Regional Plan adopted by the GPCOG General Assembly in 1990.

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